KAGANDO HOSPITAL MEETS THE GROWING NEED FOR MENTAL HEALTH CARE

 

Joseph Wakabi, a psychiatric clinical officer, and his small team of mental health staff used to hold their monthly outreach clinics at Kitabu and Kyarumba on the same day. The numbers of people coming for treatment have increased, so that now they visit Kitabu on a Monday and Kyarumba on a Thursday.

At Kitabu, patients such as James are seen at home to continue the treatment to improve their mental health. As the community begins to hear about the service, and understand more about mental ill health, and the possibilities for treatment, more families are asking for help.

 

 

 

This second man, newly started on treatment, has been shackled at home for more than a year, because his family did not know what else to do. these shackles are made from bent steel bar so they are on his legs permanently. Can you work out how to change his trousers – it can be done but not easily! Try and imagine living with these shackles. But with treatment we expect he will return to a more normal life and have the shackles removed with the agreement of his community

 

At Kyarumba Health Centre this week, 40 people were seen and treated for conditions such as psychosis and epilepsy.
Jamie’s Fund supports the work of Joseph and his colleagues, enabling them to take mental health care out to remote parts of the community where it is most needed.

Linda Shuttleworth, 13.03.2020

COVID-19 Statement by Jamie’s Fund

At the beginning of March, Jamie’s Fund was delighted to support another mhGAP* Train the Trainers course. Healthcare workers from nine hospitals were equipped with the skills to teach their clinical colleagues to identify and treat routine forms of mental ill health.

It is unfortunate that this has happened at this time when the world is closing down as a result of the Coronavirus pandemic. Although this virus seems to have been rather slower to spread to Africa than elsewhere in the world, we are beginning to see an acceleration in some places. However, governments in countries such as Uganda have used the time to implement preventative action to try to protect their citizens. In Uganda, for example, there have been measures to control and discourage the movement of people at the borders, schools and universities have been closed, and large scale social, cultural, religious and political gatherings have been suspended.

These measures will inevitably have an impact on the process of cascading the mhGap training, as further workshops will need to be delayed till life returns to more normal. Despite this, the mhGap model has proved to be a strong and effective one and we expect to resume delivery of the training soon after the present measures are eased and it is considered safe to do so. In the meantime, we continue to give our support to the frontline staff in Uganda and to wish them good health.

While our thoughts are very much with the clinicians and patients in Uganda, for us as a charity the present emergency also means that our planned visits to our partners in Uganda have been postponed until the situation improves. However, we also continue to communicate with many of friends, colleagues and partners in Uganda and we can still support them in their planning as they look to grow their mental health services. Perhaps the most important thing, though, is to give them encouragement and to let them know that they are not alone. They need this message now, especially now.

We are still able to send funds and continue to support many important initiatives as well as look at new projects and you can help. We recognise that there is a great deal of uncertainty and concern about incomes and jobs in our own country but if you are able to help, please click on the DONATE button or send messages of support which we can pass on to staff in Uganda.

Linda Shuttleworth, Trustee, Jamie’s Fund.

*mhGap is a World Health Organisation programme designed to give non-mental health clinicians, particularly in low and middle income countries, a good understanding of mental illness so that they can diagnose and treat many of the more straightforward conditions.

SECOND mhGAP TRAIN THE TRAINERS COURSE A GREAT SUCCESS!

 

Jamie’s Fund has been pleased to be able to sponsor a second mhGAP ToT course at Butabika in Uganda. This was in response to the desire of the many hospitals and health centres visited in September to grow their ability to deliver mental health care.

The course was held over 5 days, 17 th to 21 st February 2020, at Butabika National Referral Hospital. This is where most of the training for mental health staff takes place. Sixteen health staff from nine PNFP (Private Not for Profit) hospitals participated. Many were part of the more recently contacted Uganda Catholic Medical Bureau (UCMB), and one from the Protestant Medical Bureau (UPMB). The course was led by senior Butabika teaching staff: a psychiatrist, 2 clinical psychologists, a principal tutor at the PCO School, supported by a community psychologist.

 

 

The knowledge of the trainees was tested before and after the course, and their informal feedback was also positive and enthusiastic. Jamie’s Fund will support them to cascade the mhGAP training to staff in their own hospitals over the coming months. We know from previous experience that this will lead to improved ability to identify and treat mental ill health in their communities.

(mhGAP is a World Health Organisation (WHO ) programme to train non-specialist staff to identify and treat the more common presentations of mental ill health)

 

 

Linda Shuttleworth 15.03.2020.

Jamie’s Fund Supports New Service at Bwindi Hospital for People with Depression

Kuule Yusuf, PCO, is the mental health lead at Bwindi Community Hospital. Dr Holly Tyson is a UK GP with an interest in mental health, who is working there for 12 months. Together they began to look for an effective and sustainable psychological treatment for the many people presenting there with depression. They found that Group Interpersonal Therapy (IPT-G) had been successfully rolled out elsewhere in Uganda and that the trainers were still active locally.

They devised and costed a Group IPT pilot scheme of initial training of local staff, to be followed by roll out of three 8 week IPT groups over the coming six months. If found to be successful, Bwindi Hospital Management committed to making it part of the hospital’s ongoing mental health workplan.

Jamie’s Fund has been supporting the mental health team at Bwindi for some years as they work to deliver mental healthcare across their remote community. So Kuule and Holly asked if Jamie’s Fund would support the training. We were pleased to be able to help with sponsoring the training.

Group IPT training sessions

Moderate to severe depression is said by the World Health Organisation to be responsible for a very significant personal, economic and social burden globally. Antidepressant medication can be effective, but for many people, the underlying causes also need to be recognised and addressed. Across the world, these are often to do with relationships and loss. Additionally, in low income countries, reliable and affordable supplies of medication may be limited.

Role-play in action during training session

 

This is why the WHO mental health training for non-specialist staff, mhGAP, includes Group Interpersonal Therapy as a front line treatment for depression. In a collective social culture like Uganda, group interventions can be particularly acceptable and powerful. IPT focuses on understanding the links between the person’s mood and their interpersonal difficulties, and on finding new ways to deal with these difficulties.

Having brought the IPT trainers over to Bwindi in late February, the first steps towards a new service have already been taken. We will post updates as we get them.

The mental health team after training

Linda Shuttleworth, March 2020.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A very psychologically minded hospital

We first visited St Paul’s in Kasese in November 2018. St Paul’s is a Health Centre IV, essentially a small hospital, on the edge of town.

A former chapel building has been creatively divided up to form wards. It is surrounded by other buildings housing a range of facilities, and trees provide welcome shade.

When she arrived at St Paul’s in June 2018, Alihabwe Sudaat, the Psychiatric Clinical Officer (PCO), was soon given the opportunity to attend the mhGAP Train the Trainers course, sponsored by Jamie’s Fund, and delivered by some of the Ugandan tutors at Butabika Hospital.

In her Mental Health role, Sudaat was seeing about 10 patients a month. Because of the
cost, few of her patients were able to return to St Paul’s for follow-up after leaving the
hospital.Apart from a psychologist colleague in the HIV/AIDs service, at that stage Sudaat was a little isolated professionally, and perhaps needed support to gainmore confidence in her role.

She qualified in mental health 10 years previously, but as so often happens, she had worked in other departments. St Paul’s was her first full time MH post.

Jamie’s Fund supported Sudaat and some of the mental health staff from Bwindi and Kagando Hospitals to meet and share ideas and experiences about services and data collection. They all embraced this opportunity enthusiastically, soon spending a couple of days together at Bwindi.

Feeling encouraged, Sudaat and her colleagues rolled out a very successful mhGAP course for the non-specialist staff at St Pauls, teaching them to identify and successfully treat common presentations of mental ill health.

On our visit in September 2019 we found a newly trained and highly enthusiastic team eager to report on their progress and offer ideas for future developments.

Most of them not only had received mhGAP training but have also been through a new psychosocial support training programme designed to enable support to families affected by Ebola, currently rampaging in nearby Democratic Republic of Congo.

(Thankfully the one case of ebola that came into Uganda was very effectively dealt with at Kagando Hospital).

Reverend Dr Peter, the new medical director at St Paul’s, is warmly supportive of all developments, both current and potential, to improve services for people with psychological problems, mental illness and epilepsy.

He told us that so many of the individuals who present to the hospital with physical symptoms in fact have depression and anxiety. The hospital now has this newly trained team putting their skills to very good use in detecting and treating such patients.

The team has identified a particularly vulnerable group: local teenagers and young adults. Like many young people in Uganda, they are troubled and anxious, and many turn to drugs and alcohol. The rates of self-harm are worryingly high.

The hospital runs a service specially designed for them – 80-100 attend regularly – and children with disabilities also have a special place. They would love to have a centre for children with special needs in their newly planned Mental Health Centre.

Madam Sudaat with Dr Simon and Dr Maureen

St Paul’s can in truth be described as “a very psychologically minded hospital”.

They have plans to reach further into the community. Sudaat and her local colleagues, together with others from Kagando hospital, have continued to roll out mhGAP training to include health centre staff, opening up the possibility that mental health clinics could be held at the health centres, bringing the service much nearer to the people and solving the challenge of transport costs.

The cathedral in Kasese is proving a great focus for sensitisation programmes: take the message to where the people are! Sudaat is finding that even some of the African church pastors are beginning to see that modern medicine can be helpful for epilepsy and mental illness.

The St Paul’s team has planned an ambitious programme of further sensitisation and training for clergy, police, prison officers, teachers and local leaders.

Linda Shuttleworth and Maureen Wilkinson

Kisiizi Develops!

The excellent patient care provided by the Ahumuza Centre at Kisiizi Hospital has been
further enhanced by the addition of two new facilities, paid for by Jamie’s Fund. Just before
Christmas the new kitchen for the use of families was opened behind the women and
children’s ward and a new shelter was built in front of the men’s ward.

The new kitchen block.

In Ugandan hospitals it is common for patients to be fed by their families and previously anyone wishing to cook had to cross the stream to use the kitchen behind the maternity ward. The new kitchen means that cooking is done close to the Ahumuza Centre. As well as the kitchen itself, storerooms for fuel and supplies have also been built. Fuel efficient wood burning stoves have been installed. These use less wood and also, importantly, reduce the amount of smoke which can give rise to chest and eye problems.

Cooking a meal in the new kitchen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A shelter from sun or rain.

The weather in Kisiizi can be hot if you are sitting in the sun. When it rains, the rain can also be very heavy. A shelter for patients and their families to be able to sit and chat is, therefore, essential. Its location is not only a protection but it also allows people to watch the world go by around the hospital, a pastime we all rather like to do!

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you would like to support the work of Jamie’s Fund by contributing towards mental health
care in Uganda please click on the “Donate” button, now.

CASUAL ENCOUNTERS OF THE USEFUL KIND

Travelling often brings us into close contact with strangers for a time; sometimes with unexpected connections made, and opportunities to tell the story of the reason for our journey.

Last November, flying to Uganda, I sat beside Liz Boonabanna, who talked about her work for the Belgian aid agency, Enabel. This was to build HR capacity in the public services of health and education. So we had an interesting conversation about the challenges and solutions of her work. (The man on the other side of me was a Ugandan professional footballer in the Norway premier league; interesting in a different way!) Once in Uganda, and visiting Kagando Hospital, I picked out the word Enabel in the list of partner and donor organisations to the hospital.

A bit bleary-eyed over breakfast in the guest house on our first morning in Uganda, a fellow guest, Fiona Beckerlegge, talked about how she had started a small child development centre, Kayaninga, in Fort Portal, to support parents and others meet the needs of their disabled children. She was a physiotherapist, who had initially come to Uganda to work for one family with a disabled child, and saw the lack of any help for the many children with physical and learning disabilities.

Later, at Bwindi Hospital, the mental health service lead, Kuule, asked us if we knew of any UK physiotherapists who might be willing to come to Bwindi for a short time to train the parents of children with cerebral palsy. We did, but we also immediately thought of the resource on the doorstep, Kayaninga, and put them in touch.

Leaving again for Uganda in two days, I wonder who I will encounter this time…

Linda Shuttleworth

A sad 16-year old

Enock was just one year old when he had his first epileptic fit. Now 16, his whole life has been affected by the fits and the responses of local people to both him and his family.

In most of Africa the traditional understanding of epilepsy is the same as for mental illness. There is a widespread belief that these problems are caused by demons, evil spirits who enter the person and cause the abnormal behaviour. Another explanation might be that someone else is jealous and has organised the local “witchdoctor” to put a spell or curse on the person who then develops what we know as epilepsy. Sometimes it is thought that the ancestors are angry with the family or community, and have chosen this person to become sick to demonstrate their displeasure.

Modern medicine has shown that epilepsy is caused by an abnormality in the brain, which we can see and measure through brain wave recordings and brain scans. We understand a lot about the cause, and we can treat the illness very well with the right tablets. However, people in the villages have little or no idea about such things.

If you believe that the problem is evil spirits, you would not think to go to a hospital for treatment, but you would naturally go to the local African church for prayers to exorcise the demons. Sometimes these prayers can go on all night, even for days and nights, giving the person no sleep.

Enock’s mum was left a widow with her two boys. They have tried traditional medicine and prayers. They have also sometimes come to their local health centre where they can get modern medicine for the epilepsy. However, sometimes the medicine has been out of stock. Over the years Enock’s treatment has been very erratic. In addition, the health centre staff who treated him forgot that a little boy becoming a teenager would need bigger doses of medicine as he grew up. For all these reasons his fits have not been well controlled.

People in the villages of Uganda are very afraid when they see someone behaving strangely. There is a fear that if the “possessed” person comes too close, the demons might enter them too! People with mental illness and epilepsy are also widely regarded as “useless”. The children at Enock’s school often taunted and mistreated him. He attended just one year of primary schooling before he gave up.

If you keep having fits, people in the community can treat you cruelly. And continuing fits do further harm to your brain, with the results that in in the end you can’t think very clearly or learn very easily. There are other possible harms as well, if you go on having fits, and you may come to physical as well as mental harm. This has happened to Enock who suffered a really serious accident.

Ugandan houses in the villages often have an open fire in the main room where everyone lives, cooks and eats. Recently Enock fell into the fire in a fit, and his arm was burnt to the bone. His mum delayed bringing him for treatment so the injury got infected, and Enock has now had to be admitted to hospital and has needed complicated surgery to start repairing the damage.

When we met Enock and his mum, I was struck by how sad he looked. He has little to do at home, a few household chores maybe, or making simple bricks. But many employers would never think of employing someone with epilepsy or mental illness. Who knows what might happen if the strange behaviour started when this person was at work?

We discovered that Enock has all the signs of depression, and we weren’t surprised. The mental health team will now get to know him better, and try to get his medication properly sorted out. They will talk with him, so that he can begin to feel better about himself.

We’d like to get him and his mum some support from the village health team worker. The team might even be able to help him with some work therapy. As with many of the Bwindi team’s patients, getting them into the kind of employment that earns regular money helps them gain some self-respect. And the community also learns that these people are certainly not useless.

Maybe some conversations with the local community could help too. In another town, the mental health team has worked really hard at telling people about modern treatment for both epilepsy and mental illness. Of the hundreds of people who heard this message, almost no-one knew there was such a treatment. However, if people could be encouraged to come for modern medicines and treatment, there might be much more hope for Enock and people like him.

We asked mum and Enock how they would feel about us taking a photo, explaining that we wanted others to understand what it is like for them, having to deal with these problems every day. They agreed. As we showed him his photograph, Enock smiled for the first time that day.

Maureen Wilkinson

If you would like to support us in bringing help to people like Enock, please click on the Donate button and make a donation, today.  All donations, large and small are welcome. Thank you

New Friends and New Skills – continuing the Professional Development

Arriving at the post-graduate centre at Butabika

They came from the east of Uganda, within a few miles of the Kenyan border. They came from the west of Uganda, from within a couple of miles of the border with Congo, They came from the northwest corner of Uganda just over the border into the Congo. Some we have been working with for up to six years. Some we had met for the first time only the week before, and they didn’t really know what Jamie’s Fund was trying to do.

In the end, thirty one people came together at the postgraduate centre at Butabika, the national psychiatric hospital in Kampala, for a time of professional development, under the leadership of psychiatric staff from Butabika, and supported by some of the team from Jamie’s Fund.

We had three great days together with laughter, sharing ideas, teaching and learning. There were challenges at different levels; there was no water for the whole hospital including the accommodation where they were staying. Some of the teachers turned up very late and weren’t as interesting as they could have been; time keeping to begin with wasn’t great; but we improved that significantly.

Dr Hafsa

We were delighted that Dr. Hafsa, the government’s mental health lead came to open our workshop. She was very appreciative and encouraging about the developments that Jamie’s Fund is supporting.

The three day workshop covered a range of topics that included psychotherapy skills training, management of emergencies such as agitated or suicidal patients, and rehabilitation of patients with longer term illness.

Sessions on service development were particularly well received, because delegates had begun to catch the vision of what might be possible if they could bring services to the very villages where their patients live. Where people can attend their local health centre they don’t have to pay transport to get to the hospital, and the health centre staff can get to know them and their families. The Bwindi team started this kind of community service first and so provided a very helpful model for others to think about, imagining what they might develop in their own settings. We also heard about their alcohol harm reduction service: an important challenge all over Uganda.

Some of the audience

Service development needs excellent leadership and good teamwork, topics that provoked a lively interaction. We included discussion on the well-being of professionals working in mental health, which can bring particular pressures and certainly carries its own stigma.

One of the recurrent themes became almost a running joke: Don’t forget to collect the data! We all need data to discover the impact of any new developments. And Jamie’s Fund needs that information if we are to advocate for more resources.

Over the three days everyone worked hard but it wasn’t all work and, towards the end of the workshop, we all went out for a celebration dinner at a nearby hotel where we enjoyed having time to talk with each other about life apart from work. The challenges that some people had overcome in order to reach their current position were inspiring. One older man told me how, when he went to secondary school, he had to walk all the way, some 70 kilometres in 2 days, carrying his belongings in a wooden case on his head and on top of that was his mattress that he slept on. Others were beneficiaries of the sacrifices that the families had made to fund their education.

Dr Basangwa, the executive director of Butabika came to close the workshop. He had taught many of the people on the course and he was treated with respect and affection. It was impressive that he still knew many of their names.

A group photo with Dr Basangwa

 

Too soon it was over. People departed clutching their attendance certificates and bags printed with the Jamie’s Fund logo. The appreciation and gratitude of everyone involved was touching. Other than the learning and skills training, one of the great benefits of the workshop is the mutual encouragement to aim even higher: One delegate said he came thinking that his hospital was doing well: he then discovered there was so much more they could do, and he left full of plans for the future.

A participant receiving her certificate

We intend to organise another workshop next year, as we believe it is valuable for people to come together to compare experiences of the challenge of working in mental health, an area in which the staff share the stigma felt by their patients. In their own workplaces they are often isolated and unsupported. These days proved a very worthwhile time together.

As you will appreciate there is a not insignificant cost to bringing people together in this way. The benefits, however, far outweigh the cost as students are energised to try new approaches, encouraged by the stories of what is happening in other areas and supported by the new friends and colleagues made. The investment in these committed people is already benefitting large numbers of people across Uganda. If you are able to support this initiative, or other work in which Jamie’s Fund is involved, please go to the Donate site now

Participants with their bags

Ewan Wilkinson

We are off to a mental health Professional Development Workshop in Kampala!

On-going professional development is hugely important in any profession and perhaps even more so when those professionals often feel isolated by working alone and far from others. Bringing practitioners together allows not only the development of knowledge, skills and understanding but also the building of new support networks.

Jamie’s Fund is proud to again be sponsoring a professional development workshop in at the National Psychiatric Hospital at Butabika in Kampala in September 2019. This follows last year’s very successful inaugural workshop.  This is a helpful location as it is reasonably central and also some of the tutors will also be from the government services.  The programme is being led by Joshua Ssebunnya. Joshua is a well-known psychologist with many publications to his name, and he is based at Butabika.  We are fortunate to have his support.

We are greatly encouraged that so far, we have 28 people coming from 17 different hospitals or health centres, across Uganda.  We are also delighted to be welcoming one isolated member of staff just over the north-western border from Arua in the Democratic Republic of Congo.  Many of those attending are staff we have been working with over the past few years, but others we will be meeting for the first time.

Generous donations have covered about three quarters of the cost of the workshop, but we are still looking for a further thousand pounds or so.  If you are able to contribute please either e-mail info@jamiesfund.co.uk or go to the donation page and say your donation is for the workshop.

While we are in Uganda we intend to make the most of being there and to visit as many hospitals and health centres as we can.  This will enable us to see where people are based, to understand local issues and concerns and to develop relationships.  Also, and perhaps most importantly, it is encouraging for staff who can feel isolated to be encouraged and affirmed in the vital work they are doing.  Excitingly, the number of hospitals and health centres to visit has doubled as we have recently been made welcome to build the relationships with those run by the Catholic church in addition to the 12 we already work with affiliated to the Anglican Church of Uganda.

This increase in the number of locations will further stretch our slim resources but it will also means that we are supporting a much wider network of hospitals and health centres. This will further strengthen the support network that is already developing. We believe that as the network develops the hospitals and mental health staff in each area can do more to support and encourage each other.  Please click for a map of all the places we are in contact with.

Three of the Jamie’s Fund team are going to Uganda on this occasion: Linda Shuttleworth & Maureen and Ewan Wilkinson.  We are also delighted to be joined by Dr Simon Tavernor, a consultant psychiatrist in the UK who is considering working with Jamie’s Fund.

Maureen and Ewan Wilkinson will be writing a blog during their visit to Uganda and you are welcome to follow what they are up to here.

Ewan Wilkinson